Klonopin is a well-known antiepileptic medicine of the benzodiazepine group. It has a powerful action on the brain and must be used with caution and under the supervision of a doctor.
Klonopin: one of the best tranquilizers and antiepileptic agents
Various medicines that belong to the group of benzodiazepine derivatives have a powerful effect on the brainwork.
They bind to the special GABA receptors of type A and increase their sensitivity.
As a result, the excitability of neurons decreases and this property is used for the treatment of different diseases, such as anxiety, panic and sleep disorders, epilepsy and depression.
Let’s discover more about one of the most potent antiepileptic agents of this group that is called Klonopin.
It is widely used in clinical practice but requires special attention and knowledge.
- Medication: Clonazepam (brand name: Klonopin)
- Dosage: 2 mg
- Price per pill: starting at $2.52
Klonopin is a brand name for a tranquilizer and antiepileptic medicine of the group of benzodiazepine derivatives. It contains clonazepam as an active pharmaceutical ingredient.
Similar to other medicines of this group, Klonopin possesses sedative, anxiolytic and anticonvulsant effects.
The latter is the most pronounced, so various convulsive conditions and epilepsy are successfully treated with this remedy. Patients, who take Klonopin, have seizures less frequently and their intensity is gradually becoming not so severe.
Altogether, the main indications for this medicine include:
- epilepsy in infants and children (both small seizures and generalized crises);
- epilepsy in adults (focal seizures);
- pronounced fear with a phobia, for instance, agoraphobia;
- psychomotor agitation in the case of psychosis.
In addition, literature data describe the utilization of clonazepam for sleep disorders. This type of treatment, as well as others, must be personalized according to the condition of the patient,the presence of respiratory disorders and the possibility of addiction.
As for the doses, their initial value should be small. Then, it is recommended to gradually increase them until the effect becomes optimal. In any case, the dosage must be individual.
On average, Klonopin is prescribed at a dose of 1.5 mg per day. This amount is divided into three doses.
Then, the doctor rises the dose by 0.5-1 mg every third day. The usual prescription reaches from 4 to 8 mg per day. The daily dose of 20 mg is considered the maximum possible.
It should be noted that Klonopin can be prescribed for children of different ages, namely:
- newborn babies and children under one year may get from 0.1 to 1 mg per day;
- children up to 5 years old can be given from 1.5 to 3 mg per day;
- for children and teenagers from 6 to 16 years the dose is from 3 to 6 mg per day.
Thus, Klonopin cannot be utilized without a prescription. Its influence on the brainwork is quite powerful, so the specialist must observe it and provide necessary assistance and guidance to the patient.
Klonopin is widely prescribed for both children and adults for the treatment of various forms of epilepsy with myoclonic seizures, during psychomotor crises and when the muscle tone is increased. It also has sedative properties and reveals good results in the case of brain damage.
However, there are the following warnings for its usage:
- When taking the medicine, the patient can experience side effects that include coordination disorders, irritability, depression, fatigue and nausea. Their occurrence and strength depend on the chosen dose. Therefore, the latter should be established very carefully and increased gradually.
- There is scientific evidence of an increased risk of suicide after this medicine is prescribed. Thus, the doctor must follow the treatment and make adjustments if needed.
- Long-term utilization of this medicine may lead to an increase in body weight.
- Klonopin can cross the placental barrier and can be found in breast milk. Therefore, it is prohibited during the pregnancy and breastfeeding period.
It is highly important to avoid dangerous combinations during the treatment with this remedy. Thus, Klonopin enhances the effects of alcohol, antipsychotic medicines, analgesics and muscle relaxants.
All these drugs depress the central nervous system, so their combination will be even more powerful and may lead to seizures, coma and death.
Therefore, patients are prohibited from drinking alcoholic beverages and must avoid any other unknown combinations.
The doctor must learn more about the patient’s history. Sometimes Klonopin is not used for those who had alcoholism or other addictions.
Another issue that causes much discussion is an addiction to Klonopin, as well as to other benzodiazepine derivatives.
This risk is present and increases in the following situations:
- when the dosage of the medicine is large;
- if the treatment lasts a long time;
- if the patient abused alcoholic beverages or drugs.
When the addiction is developed, abrupt withdrawal causes a withdrawal syndrome.
The latter is accompanied by headaches, pain in muscles, increased anxiety,tension and irritability. When the situation is severe depersonalization, paresthesia, hallucinations and even epileptic seizures may follow. In addition, there is a risk of respiratory disorders.
Abrupt withdrawal of Klonopin in patients with epilepsy may also cause frequent generalized seizures.
This happens even when the medicine did not reveal any efficacy during the treatment period. Only the resumption of Klonopin at alow dose helps to decrease them.
Therefore, Klonopin must be prescribed by the doctor only. Then, the dose must be adjusted and gradually increased. When the treatment should be stooped, this must not be done abruptly.
In this case, the risk of side effects, addiction and withdrawal syndrome is low and the patient will stay safe during the treatment period.
Altogether, Klonopin is a powerful antiepileptic agent from the group of benzodiazepine derivatives. Like other tranquilizers, it has a very pronounced influence on the brainwork. Thus, its utilization should be accurate and observed by a specialist.
Still, it is popular among doctors as it helps to cease epilepsy in both children and adults.
What is Klonopin?
It is a potent tranquilizer of the group of benzodiazepine derivatives. The active pharmaceutical ingredient of this medicine is clonazepam.
Who can use Klonopin?
This medicine is prescribed for both children and adults. Even newborn babies can get it but in a very low dosage.
How the dosage of Klonopin is chosen?
This must be done individually according to the condition of the patient. Usually, the doctor starts from less than 1 mg and then gradually increases the dose to reach the desired effect.
What are common side effects of Klonopin?
The patients report such side effects as coordination disorders, irritability, depression, fatigue and nausea. However, they are usually not severe.
What combinations are dangerous for Klonopin?
It is prohibited to combine this medicine with other depressants of the central nervous system including alcohol, antipsychotic medicines, analgesics and muscle relaxants.